연구소 소개 Asiatic Research Institute

프랑스국립극동연구원 서울분원

아연은 세계적 수준의 동북아지역 종합연구소입니다.
 
프랑스국립극동연구원 서울분원 개요

프랑스국립극동연구원 서울분원은 2001년 한국학 전문가를 최초로 임용하면서 고려대 아세아문제연구소와 연구협력에 대한 협정을 체결했다. 서울분원은 한국학을 연구하는 외국학자들에게 연구거점을 제공해 주고, 한국학자들을 파리의 프랑스국립극동연구원 또는 다른 아시아국가의 분원에 초빙하는 등 한국과 프랑스의 학술교류 증진에 큰 역할을 담당해왔다.

 

프랑스국립극동연구원의 목표는 인도에서 일본에 걸쳐있는 아시아 문명에 대해 학제적 연구를 하는 것이다. 12개 아시아 국가의 18개 연구센터는 42명의 학자(인류학자, 고고학자, 언어학자, 역사학자, 등)이 현지조사를 수행하게 협력하며, 지역전문가를 외국의 아시아학 전문가와 연결시켜주는 역할도 담당한다. EFEO서울분원은 이러한 18개 연구센터중의 하나이다.

구성원

서울분원장: 엘리자베뜨 샤바널
행정실: 이정희

École Française d’Extrême-Orient (French School of Asian Studies)
History

The École française d'Extrême-Orient (EFEO), or French School of Asian Studies, was founded in 1898 in Saigon as the Mission archéologique d'Indo-Chine. In 1900 the Mission archéologique was renamed École française d'Extrême-Orient, and in 1902 the School headquarters were removed to Hanoi, with its main missions defined as archaeological exploration, collection of manuscripts, preservation of monuments, inventorying of ethnic groups, linguistic studies, and the study of the history of all Asian civilizations from India to Japan. To this end an ambitious academic programme, a library and a museum - which has since become the Vietnamese National Historical Museum - were put in place at the headquarters. Other museums followed: at Da Nang, Saigon, Hue, Phnom Penh, Battambang, and elsewhere. In 1907 the EFEO was assigned responsibility for the conservation of the Angkor archaeological site. This early phase of EFEO's work is still renowned for the contributions of many distinguished Orientalists: Paul Pelliot, Henri Maspero, and Paul Demiéville in Chinese studies; Louis Finot and George Cœdès in Indochinese epigraphy; Henri Parmentier in archaeology, Paul Mus in the history of religion, among many others.

Spread of the School

After 1945 a new period opened for the EFEO. Despite the war, and thanks to a real desire for scholarly cooperation with the newly independent states in the area, its members continued their work in continental Southeast Asia: ethnology, Buddhist studies, studies of language, literature, and above all archaeology, with huge reconstruction sites among the monuments of Angkor using the newly developed method of anastylosis. In 1957 the School was obliged to leave Hanoi, and finally, in 1975, Phnom Penh. During this troubled period the EFEO dedicated itself to widening its range of activities and developing new scholarly collaborations. In India, a permanent center was opened in Pondicherry in 1955 to carry out studies in Shivaite literature and the history of the art of the southern part of the subcontinent; later a branch of this center was opened in Pune. During the late 1950's a center was established in Jakarta for archaeologists and specialists in religious epigraphy. In Japan in 1968 the Hobogirin Institute in Kyoto brought together specialists in Chinese and Japanese Buddhism, and, a few years later, a center was established in Chiang Mai for the study of the Buddhism of Southeast Asia. Distinguished scholars from this period include, among others, Jean Filliozat in Indian studies, Rolf A. Stein in Chinese and Tibetan studies, Bernard Philippe Groslier in the archaeology of Angkor, Charles Archaimbault in Laotian ethnology, and Maurice Durand in Vietnamese studies.

The EFEO in the 21st century

The end of the war and return to a degree of stability in Southeast Asia allowed the EFEO to reestablish itself in the region, in response to requests by several local academic and political authorities. The Ecole first returned to Cambodia in 1990, after the restitution of its former real estate in Siem Reap and the revival of archaeological and conservation work at Angkor. Three years later came the opening of a new Centre in Vientiane, followed by Hanoi where the EFEO acquired a new building and library and engaged once again in research and publication in the fields of history, anthropology and epipraphy. This return to the institution's roots did not slow the opening of new horizons, both geographical and thematic: new Centres were opened in partnership with local institutions in Kuala Lumpur (National Museum), Hong Kong (Chinese University of Hong Kong), Taipei (Academia Sinica), Tokyo (Toyo Bunko), Seoul (University of Korea), and finally Beijing (Chinese Academy of Sciences); in terms of research priorities, the period saw a marked opening to the Social Sciences and contemporary Asia: study of Indian commercial networks, the modern and contemporary demography of highland continental Southeast Asia, ehtnic conflict and issues of national and regional integration of minorities, the dynamics of religion in the contemporary societies of China, Thailand and Indonesia, the politics of national heritage conservation. At the beginning of the 21st century the EFEO participates actively in the digital transformation of humanities research and the growing internationalisation of Asian studies, and occupies a central position in the network of high-level academic partnerships in Asia and Europe developed since 2007 under the European Consortium for Asian Field Study initiative (ECAF).

The missions of the EFEO
Fieldwork in Asia

The mission of the EFEO, a public institution under the aegis of the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research, is to study the civilizations of Asian through the humanities and social sciences. From India, to China and Japan, and covering all of Southeast Asia, the EFEO's research areas include almost all the societies have been under Indian or Chinese influence in the course of history. Leading scholars working at the EFEO's 18 centres and branch offices in Asia have been essential in the development of the School's research programme. Interdisciplinary projects bring together leading scholars in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, history, philology, and religious studies. Since the vast majority of EFEO members carry out field studies in Asia, the emergence of contemporary issues is obviously of relevance for the School.

 

A Network of International Excellence in Scholarship

For decades the EFEO and its Asian centres have worked in many Asian and European partnerships. Today centres in Pondicherry, Chiang Mai, Siem Reap, Hanoi, Vientiane and Jakarta have their own premises, whereas several EFEO branch offices are hosted by prestigious universities, research institutes and museums. This is the case of Pune, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Yangon, Phnom Penh, Beijing, Hong Kong, Taipei, Seoul and Tokyo.


The EFEO regularly welcomes scholars for extended periods of field study in its Asian centres, particularly for EFEO led research projects. Visiting scholars benefit from the School's local academic partnerships and its rich documentary collections that represent over a century of research. In view of improving scholarly exchanges, the EFEO and 20 leading European institutions for higher education created the European Consortium for Asian Field Study (ECAF) in 2007. As such the EFEO is now in the centre of an international network of leading scholars in Asian studies.

Transversal Projects and New Technology

The EFEO's innovative research project is not only based on its scholars' fields of expertise but also on their skill to conduct transversal projects, such as The Development of Buddhism from India to Japan and The epigraphy of the Khmer World (CIK). Both of these bring together experts from EFEO centres in Asia and Southeast Asia.


The use of recent new technologies in the service of Asian studies is also a key concern for the EFEO and its Asian partners. The School's electronic resources, including online journals, a digital network for all its libraries' catalogues are now available for the most part. Also Geographical Information Systems and other new tools developed in the physical and biological sciences are leading to the improvement in methods of analysis and dating, especially in archaeology.

The Spread of Knowledge

Scholarly research is the key aim of the School, yet the EFEO's academic staff are also committed to training scholars in Asian studies. This demands a high degree of specialisation and often requires unique expertise gained in field studies. The supervision and training of scholars is coordinated in France, under the guidance of various doctoral programmes and in cooperation with universities and schools (EPHE and EHESS), and in the EFEO's Asian centres, thanks to internships and scholarships awarded to doctoral candidates. The EFEO headquarters are located at the Maison de l'Asie (Asia House) in Paris, which houses its central library, and is also a dynamic platform for scholarly activity (research, courses, lectures, colloquia, books launches, etc.).

Organization

The French School of Asian Studies (EFEO) is a public institution under the aegis of the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research.

Networks

The EFEO maintains links with a large number of French and foreign institutions, on the basis of bilateral agreements and in the framework of multilateral organizations such as the ECAF Consortium, the French Schools Overseas, and the Paris Sciences & Lettres Research University (PSL).

The EFEO Centres in Asia

The mission of the EFEO Centres in Asia, at the heart of the network of research facilities serving the European Consortium ECAF, is to be valued physical hubs in important Asian locations that:

  •  possess and make accessible unique, rich, on-the-ground academic expertise and resources
  •  draw visiting European scholars into new and stimulating interactions with each other and with local academic partners within and across disciplinary boundaries (including, for example, hosting or co-organising international lectures, workshops and seminars)
  •  facilitate enriching exchanges and engagement with local languages / cultures / communities / environments
  •  support international collaborations and enable new world-class research
  •  provide practical / logistical support to early-career scholars and those new to the area
  •  develop dialogues with local and international networks, agencies and communities of interest outside the academic world (including, for example, local European diplomatic personnel, Non-Governmental Organisations, and community-based groups)
Research

The French School of Asian Studies conducts research on the classical civilizations of Asia through the humanities and the social sciences, spanning from India to China, Japan and includes all of Southeast Asia, thus encompassing most of the societies that have fallen under Indian or Chinese influence in the course of history. The EFEO's centres and branch offices in Asia are base for a nexus of leading (local and international) scholars in Asian Studies. Its multidisciplinary and comparative research brings together specialists in disciplines such as anthropology, archaeology, history, philology and the study of religions. Since members of its academic staff are regularly in Asia for their fieldwork, the EFEO's activity obviously covers contemporary world issues.


http://www.efeo.fr